Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a comprehensive list of 17 Global Goals and 169 associated targets, which integrate economic, social and environmental dimensions of development. The SDGs were adopted by 193 countries including India at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015 which came into effect on 1st January 2016 and are to be achieved by end of 2030.
SDGs and India
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has developed a National Indicator Framework (NIF) consisting of 306 country specific indicators in consultation with various ministries for monitoring of progress on the SDGs in India. MoSPI has prepared the baseline report of NIF to assess the present status of SDGs which includes the status of women and child development in the country. The report is available on the website of MoSPI (www.mospi.gov.in).
The SDGs are addressed in the national development agenda of the Government of India which are being implemented through various development schemes/programmes. NITI Aayog has done the mapping of all the SDGs and associated targets with the central ministries, centrally sponsored and central sector schemes as well as major government initiatives. Central ministries are striving to achieve the SDG targets by 2030 through the implementation of different development schemes in collaboration with state governments and union territories. Some of the major schemes are:
- Anganwadi Services Scheme: It is a unique programme for early childhood care and development. It offers a package of six services, viz. Supplementary Nutrition, Pre-School Non-Formal Education, Nutrition and Health Education, Immunisation, Health Check-Up and Referral Services. The beneficiaries under the scheme are children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- Scheme for Adolescent Girls: It aims at out of school girls in the age group 11-14, to empower and improve their social status through nutrition, life skills and home skills. The scheme has nutritional and non-nutritional components which include nutrition, iron and folic acid supplementation, health check-up and referral service, nutrition and health education mainstreaming out of school girls to join formal schooling, bridge course/skill training, life skill education, home management, etc, counselling/ guidance on accessing public services.
- Child Protection Services Scheme: It aims to contribute to the improvement in the well-being of children in difficult circumstances, as well as, reduction of vulnerabilities to situation and actions that leads to abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment and separation of children from parent. The scheme aims to spread awareness regarding the ways and means to prevent all children from child abuse of any kind including child sexual abuse.
- Ujjawala: It is a comprehensive scheme to combat trafficking with the objective to prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation, to facilitate rescue victims and placing them in safe custody, to provide rehabilitation services by providing basic amenities/needs, to facilitate reintegration of victims into the family and society, to facilitate repatriation of cross border victims.
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP): This scheme is a tri-ministerial initiative of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development with a focus on awareness and advocacy campaign for changing mindsets, multi-sectoral action in select districts, enabling girls’ education and effective enforcement of Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act. The specific objectives of the scheme include preventing gender biased sex selective elimination; ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child.